Type 2 diabetes: In 1933 Joslyn, Dublin and Marks published in the American Journal of Medicine a paper titled, “Studies on Diabetes Mellitus” discussing a major epidemic of a disease that looked very much like the Diabetes of the early 1920’s only it does not respond to the wonder drug, Insulin. Even worse, sometimes Insulin treatment killed the patient. This disease became known as Insulin Resistant Diabetes because it had the symptoms of Diabetes, but did not respond well to Insulin therapy. Until recently, type 2 diabetes starts in adulthood (and in some teenagers); the body still makes insulin but not enough, or the body can’t use what is made with reasonable efficiency. It is often called non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is believed to develop when the receptors on cells in the body that normally respond to the action of insulin fail to be stimulated by it – this is known as insulin resistance. In response to this more insulin is produced and this over-production exhausts the insulin-manufacturing cells. The problem can be one of three: there is simply insufficient insulin available; the insulin that is available may be abnormal and doesn’t work properly, or a defect in the insulin receptor sites does not allow insulin to function.
The official take on the causes of diabetes is that it is a response to obesity or unhealthy patterns of food intake and energy metabolism. A diet high in refined carbohydrates and sugars, nutrient deficiencies (such as chromium and omega-3 fatty acids), genetic factors, sedentary lifestyle, chronic immune reactivity to dietary antigens and inborn errors of metabolism all are thought to play roles. None of this tells us much about the underlying cause, nothing about how to halt this dramatic rise in human suffering for even with dietary control diabetes is not cured. Though more than 97 million Americans are overweight or obese, diet alone does not explain obesity nor diabetes.
Every cell in the body depends on an adequate supply of glucose for the energy it requires to function properly. For type-2 diabetes mellitus doctors believe that the breakdown in blood sugar regulation results from a sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, and genetic predispositions which all combine to gradually desensitize the body to the actions of insulin, the hormone that transports glucose from the bloodstream into cells. Eventually, it is thought, this malfunction may trigger a vicious cycle of imbalances that promotes further obesity and metabolic imbalances.
Health officials acknowledge that the inability to maintain normal glucose control can itself lead to obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, chronic fatigue, accelerated aging, as well as numerous mental and emotional disorders. Doctors routinely tell us that people are developing diabetes because they are fat and that if they fight obesity, they will help prevent diabetes. Yet the opposite could be true and some people do suspect that people are obese because they are diabetic – not the other way around. The fact that the pancreas secretes excess insulin, the liver manufactures fat from the excess sugar and the adipose cells store excess fat are parts of the diabetic profile suggests obesity is a result not a cause.
It has long been thought that a diet rich in “empty” sugars will catch our pancreas and adrenal glands in a biochemical see-saw, overworking them and this could weaken the pancreas and result in diabetes. In general though the medical establishment does not recognize the link between sugar consumption and diabetes for if it did there would be warnings against most of the foods found in the supermarket today. Prudence would have us say that sugar over-consumption does not explain the recent rapid rise in diabetes yet it is foolish not to consider it as a background factor. No factor alone can explain anything when it comes to life and health and in a hunt for principle causes this is an important point to retain in mind. We are going to be surprised at what the principle cause actually is, and how other causes tie into the principle one, but there is no denying the facts.